In the past five years, IoT has profoundly affected the manufacturing domain — from making warehouse operations more efficient to better managing asset performance to optimizing supply chain logistics.
The technology allows manufacturing companies to plan, control, integrate and analyze processes in an exquisite fashion by creating a network of connected systems, devices, machinery and equipment, and human beings.
Predictive maintenance, more specifically, has enabled manufacturers to enjoy ample opportunities in the guise of robust supply chains and the optimal use of machines.
The evolution of maintenance
Maintenance as a corporate practice has evolved in the past five decades. It is not just a domain of trades-people anymore. Engineers and architects see maintenance as a vital part of business operations because it positively impacts corporate profitability.
Earlier, manufacturers would consider the age of machinery as the factor for scheduling maintenance jobs. The older the equipment, the more frequently it would need to be maintained. According to the ARC Advisory Group, only 18% of equipment fails due to age, while 82% of failures occur randomly.
You see, maintenance used to be reactive to breakdown. However, now it is so much more proactive. Today, using IoT sensors and actuators means manufacturing companies can determine the equipment condition and accurately predict when a failure might occur.
Such foresight eliminates unplanned downtime and hefty costs, enhancing user experiences. Equipment gets maintained regardless of the actual need.
So, what is predictive maintenance?
It is a technique deployed to help determine the condition of in-service equipment for estimating when maintenance should be performed. The approach promises cost savings over time-based or routine-based preventative maintenance.
The term is primarily used in the context of Industry 4.0. Predictive maintenance enables status data to be obtained from machinery and maintenance to be carried out on systems.
In addition to interpreting the information gathered by sensors, the technique combines an in-memory database and real-time analysis technology to highlight areas in the equipment that needs repairing. A technician can then be assigned before the machine breaks down.
Preventive vs. predictive maintenance
Preventative maintenance is aimed at eliminating downtimes. The only difference is no actual data is collected from the machine for preventative maintenance purposes. Plus, the equipment is monitored at regular intervals, which are defined in advance.
Preventative maintenance disregards the actual machine performance and is based on the theoretical failure rate. Downtime is planned based on calendar dates and usage. Care has to be taken to ensure the maintenance time is not too late or early.
For instance, most forklift truck manufacturers recommend preventative maintenance every 150-200 hours of operation. However, equipment problems are not always apparent to the naked eye, and routine maintenance might not be effective.
The forklift can break down before it is scheduled for maintenance. This can hamper the operations significantly and contribute to unnecessary expenses.
That means you require assistance from technology or software to understand better their assets' performance and any other potential issues that may arise.
Predictive maintenance is based on the real-life condition of a machine and not on its average or expected lifespan to determine when maintenance will be required.
According to McKinsey, IoT-based predictive maintenance helps reduce maintenance costs by up to 40% and minimizes equipment capital investment by 3%-5%. So there you have — it is predictive maintenance you must opt for.
Explaining the role of IoT in predictive maintenance
You might be wondering what is the need for an Industrial IoT (IIoT) solution if there is SCADA, a control system architecture, for overseeing all forms of maintenance activities. Let us understand that in much greater detail.
Predictive maintenance can process large volumes of data and run sophisticated algorithms, which cannot be achieved by locally implementing SCADA.
To tap into the full mettle of IoT in predictive maintenance, think about the architecture and how it collects machine data (supply voltage, operating temperature, vibration) through sensors to wirelessly transmit gathered data to a cloud-based centralized storage facility in real-time.
An IoT-based software such as an intelligent factory app stores terabytes of data and runs machine learning algorithms on several computers parallelly for forecasting potential hazards and predicting timelines when industrial equipment can potentially fail.
Maintenance teams pull those data sets out of the storage and analyze them using AI and Big Data algorithms to derive actionable insights. They are incredible at finding patterns in enormous amounts of data.
However, this will only work if you have large volumes of updated and accurate inputs, where data-tracking IoT devices can make all the difference. They help manufacturers respond even faster to equipment issues.
IIoT is also reasonably user-friendly and modular. For example, air compressors form a standard part of industrial equipment. These devices pump high-pressure air, clean dust from sensitive equipment, refill gas cylinders, and power pneumatic instruments.
With the right tools such as controllers, input/output racks, simple sensors, and power supply transmitters, you can set up an IoT system capable of tracking variables vital to compressor functions like vibration, motor temperature, humidity, and dew point.
What is more — IIoT predictive maintenance systems are typically easy to scale up or modify. You can easily uninstall the IoT sensor and reinstall it where needed — for instance, extra pieces of equipment. The sensors will transmit data as they are supposed to.
Six benefits of IoT-based predictive maintenance
IoT predictive maintenance deploys the IoT technology to study a production system in real-time and forecast when and how a malfunction may occur in its component(s). In the following section, we will look at all the six benefits IoT predictive maintenance offers:
1. Reduce maintenance costs
Every asset has multiple associated costs. And if you add to that the expenses incurred because of an unexpected failure, that will significantly bump up the total cost of asset ownership. Therefore, companies can save money by predicting and avoiding equipment failure. In asset-intensive sectors, improving maintenance planning can lead to substantial cost savings.
IoT-based predictive maintenance makes use of historical data from various sources, including sensors and IoT devices, for forecasting asset health, equipment utilization, and the possibility of the future, enabling you to take a call based on the information, be it scheduling optimal maintenance or conducting routine inspections.
Reduce the amount of time the equipment is down for maintenance by making repairs beforehand. Enable smooth operations.
2. Enhance asset utilization
All manufacturers fear unplanned downtime because of equipment failure, expensive maintenance and repairs, and costs incurred due to production delays. Thankfully, IoT-based predictive maintenance enables more efficient utilization of assets.
The technology helps identify the causes of delay, whether they are external or internal, and set up processes to address the pain points.
IoT-based predictive maintenance detects operational issues before the equipment fully breaks down and gives early warnings, thus improving asset reliability and performance.
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3. Extended equipment life
IoT-based predictive maintenance allows you to monitor, maintain, and optimize assets for more effective utilization, availability, and performance. Gain clearer visibility into how your equipment is performing via real-time monitoring.
Forecast machine failure and identify parts that need replacement. Schedule maintenance and repairs even before they occur and get real-time notifications to hit the ground running before any major malfunction happens and disrupts the overall operations.
4. Optimize field crew efficiency
IoT-based asset monitoring tools enable you to monitor field assets' health periodically. When a machine breaks down, the field crew must relocate to fix it on an ad-hoc basis. Moreover, they might need to hire extra personnel, depending on the damage done.
And if they do not have the equipment or experts to repair the machinery, they can also wholly reschedule other planned maintenance activities.
Predictive maintenance gives you a 360-degree view of asset health and helps you plan for the field crew beforehand. That reduces the response time and maintenance duration conveniently.
5. Better safety and compliance
IoT-based predictive maintenance helps companies anticipate and address possible safety risks and calculate potential issues before they start impacting workers. They can quickly take action to reduce safety risks via data analysis from multiple sources and the information generated from sensors and actuators.
By analyzing data over the longest periods, you can create a list of potentially hazardous conditions and estimate their impact on daily operations. A proper IoT-based predictive maintenance solution triggers instructions to reallocate resources and keep exposure levels below the threshold values, thus always complying with the regulations.
6. Effective production lines
With the capability to constantly monitor equipment performance, one can avoid unscheduled downtimes and improve overall operations throughput. This keeps the machinery's health in check and enhances production quality.
How does predictive maintenance work?
It categorizes the plant condition by checking them periodically (when offline) or consistently in real-time. In an ideal scenario, machine maintenance should be cost-effective and performance-oriented.
To keep operational disruptions to a minimum, you can conduct most predictive inspections online. Several machine components are assessed during maintenance, including vibration analysis, acoustics (ultrasound and partial discharge), infrared, and sound levels.
Of course, such test processes do not impair the machine's function, and operations can continue as usual. If you want to deploy predictive maintenance strategies in your manufacturing unit for the long haul, please follow the steps mentioned below:
Data capturing, digitalization, and transmission
Data storage and evaluation
Calculation of probabilities of the occurrence of specific events
Key components of IoT-based predictive maintenance
With sensors gathering real-time data across various devices, systems, assets, and locations, IoT-based predictive maintenance enables manufacturers to effectively anticipate and plan for events such as equipment breakdown or parts replacement. Here are five components of an IoT-based predictive maintenance platform:
1. Sensors, which gather all the machine data by deploying them at specific points in assets.
2. Data communication, a system that allows data fetched from sensors to move to a centralized data storage in the cloud.
3. A central data storage system, where all the equipment data and business information (coming from other IT systems) is safely stored.
4. A predictive maintenance platform, which streams all data sets to maintenance teams and repair engineers and notifies them when a machine operates beyond a user-defined range. It also fetches periodic reports for further analysis.
5. A predictive analytics tool that utilizes ML-based algorithms and analytics programs for generating actionable insights from data.
Two ways to kickstart IoT-based predictive maintenance
If you have read this far, you will agree that the technology helps reduce asset downtime and unplanned maintenance routines. You are also equipped with the knowledge of the core components required for creating IoT-based predictive maintenance software solutions. Here is what you need to do to take a step further in that direction:
1. Identify assets that need predictive maintenance
Before you start deploying the technology in your manufacturing unit, you must know that not all machines will need predictive maintenance. To identify which ones would need it, think about the impact of minimal downtime of specific equipment on your bottom line.
Sort the identified assets based on their past downtime incidents and the business loss they can lead to. That way, you will know which ones to pick up on priority for predictive maintenance.
2. Choose the right software
With hundreds of systems available in the market, searching for the right predictive maintenance platform can be a bit challenging. You have to find the perfect fit because it is a costly investment, unlike purchasing clothes off the rack!
Speak to various vendors to get clarity about how their products can help. Schedule a demo or two. Ask if you can try a few features of their IoT-based predictive maintenance system for a defined timeline. While doing your research, check out user reviews about the IoT development company to get an idea of how their experience was.
Predictive maintenance examples
The technology has already been in use to a great extent in many manufacturing initiatives for developing smarter factories of the future. Sweden-based engineering company Sandvik, for instance, teamed up with Microsoft for creating sensorized cutting equipment.
The technology combines streaming analytics, data collection, and machine learning algorithms to notify engineers when the tool bit maintenance is required or to offer an alert of impending failure. On the other hand, ABB, an engineering multinational specializing in robotics, has developed a predictive maintenance system for driving applications in manufacturing.
In this scenario, cloud computing, machine learning algorithms, and sensors combine to offer an overview of equipment performance for keeping the production running as planned. This has been beneficial for the Italian steel pipe manufacturer, Tenaris.
It uses predictive maintenance to track high and low-voltage motors operating critical fans and pumps 24/7. The system has been used for collecting and analyzing vibrations to highlight failure and any anomalies in power or voltage that indicate a short circuit.
What does the future of IoT predictive maintenance hold?
Putting IoT predictive maintenance into practice can sound a little frightening at first. However, the key is to take baby steps to make the process easier. We recommend kickstarting a "pilot" asset to integrate with predictive maintenance tools and software.
By emphasizing just physical assets at a time can make your maintenance approach a little less overwhelming. That will also give you a better idea of whether IoT predictive maintenance is right for your business.
Even though the cloud computing technology supports predictive analytics systems, businesses can gain a crucial advantage by refining the data processing and analysis speed and performance by leveraging the edge computing technology.
A predictive maintenance system operating at the edge reduces data storage. It also minimizes costs thanks to low latency and real-time access to data analytics. When IoT solutions are implemented through cloud computing, vast data gets shared over the network to the cloud.
As the load on the internet continues to grow with each passing day, the cost of networking also increases. Predictive maintenance solutions analyze the data on the premises in real-time to shave off the amount of data shared on the cloud. This also reduces cloud storage costs.
Over to you
All manufacturers, big or small, require robust predictive maintenance strategies. The demand for increasingly complex yet comprehensive IoT solutions for the same will only grow over time.
As a manufacturing business at the forefront of software and hardware development, having robust technology is paramount. Cloud migration and the subsequent web app implementation are some of the most efficient ways to manage high-end predictive maintenance systems.
Otherwise, you might get down with a complex manual setup and might get bogged down to human factors. That is why you must find a reliable software developer who offers full-package solutions for large-scale manufacturing businesses.
The good news is the specialists at Intuz are ready to assist you with entering the predictive maintenance market and achieving your other goals by providing expert support on any IoT predictive maintenance-related matters. To find out more, please get in touch with us today.